It is mostly observed to affect children, but there are certain individuals that would contract chickenpox at a certain phase in their lives if they didn’t previously get inoculated with the chickenpox vaccine.
Chickenpox generally has no grave consequence amongst children in good health. However, it could lead to certain complications during pregnancy, in newly born babies, teenagers, adults and in those having depleted immunity that saps the body’s capacity to combat infection.
If one has formerly had chickenpox, then it is unlikely for it to relapse. However, the virus remains within the system for protracted periods of time, long after one has gained complete recovery. If it re-activates then it has the capacity to lead to shingles that can be an agonizing viral infection.
The varicella-zoster virus is known to be the offender that is responsible for causing chickenpox. It rapidly proliferates and could be contracted during coughing, sneezing or sharing eatables of an infected person. If one accidentally touches the fluid that oozes out from the chickenpox eruption, then one could contract it.
An infected individual could unknowingly transmit the virus even prior to becoming symptomatic. Chickenpox is highly contagious from the time periods of two to three days prior to the rash appearing till the time the blisters have scabbed over.
One is at a heightened risk of developing chickenpox when one has no history of the illness and not been inoculated by the chickenpox vaccine. Living in close quarters to an infected person, could raise one’s chances of getting chickenpox.
The preliminary signs of chickenpox mostly include fever, headaches and soreness in the throat. The infected parent or the infant might be experiencing sickness, fatigue and loss in appetite. The typical chickenpox rash normally surfaces nearly one to two days subsequent to the initial symptoms commencing. In some infants, the chickenpox rash would appear with no fever or other initial signs.
It generally takes around two weeks for the chickenpox symptoms to start surfacing subsequent to having had contact with an infected person. This time phase is known as the incubation phase.
With the appearance of the reddish chickenpox spots, it normally requires close to two days for the spot to pass through the varied phases that comprise of the blister phase, eruption phase, dry out phase and scabbing over phase. In an interval of every five to seven days, there would be newer appearances of spots.
One could get back to routine ways of life after all the blisters have scabbed off which normally takes nearly ten days following the initial appearance of the symptoms.
Other ailments might have analogous symptoms resembling chickenpox. Hence, one might falsely believe that chickenpox has resurfaced when in actuality one might have been suffering from two diverse infections.
Diagnosis & Tests:
After delving into the signs and performing a detailed examination, the doctor would be able to diagnose the disease.
Healthy infants displaying chickenpox signs might not require paying a visit to the doctor’s clinic, as quite often the infant’s symptoms could be explained via the phone to the doctor. In this way, the child would not need to step out of the house and hence significantly lowering the risk of cross-infection to others. However, one needs to confirm with the doctor to find whether the child would be required to pay a personal visit.
Youngsters, adults, expectant women and those with health ailments would have to visit the doctor. This is particularly crucial during pregnancy as chickenpox in the initial phases of gestation might lead to congenital anomalies. One would need to make a call to the doctor’s clinic for booking an appointment and to talk about the necessity to undertake any measures to avert the transmission of the virus on arrival. For instance, the clinic staff might right away direct the infected patient to the examination room instead of waiting in the lobby to avoid any spread of infection.
Most often infants and grown-ups do well with home treatment that comprises of taking ample rest, having fever-subduing and itchiness-allaying medications. By soaking in oatmeal baths could really assuage the itchiness.
Those ailing with long-lasting diseases or other medical conditions might require chickenpox treatment. Such patients might require IG or immunoglobulin treatment or virus-combatant medications. These might be prescribed by the doctor immediately following exposure to the virus to assist in faster recuperation.
One could avert chickenpox by getting inoculated with the chickenpox or varicella vaccine. Generally doctors advice 2 dosages of this vaccination, in case of infants that are one year and above, in good health and no history of chickenpox.
Children in the older age bracket and adults that have no history of chickenpox infection and not being inoculated would require two doses.
Majority of infants don’t experience reaction following vaccination. If the child had a grave or protracted ailment, one would need to speak to the doctor regarding if the child should be vaccinated. Such infants might experience an ill-reaction due to the vaccine.
If one has been close to an infected person and had no earlier chickenpox episode or the vaccination, one might still manage to dodge the illness by getting a shot of the chickenpox antibodies or by immediately going in for the vaccination.
In atypical situations, even vaccinated persons or those with a past of the disease might catch the infection. In that situation, a milder version of the sickness normally takes place with lesser blisters and signs. This is known as a breakthrough infection.
One must not purposefully expose the infant to the chickenpox infection. There are some parents who consider it safe for infants to undergo the illness when they are young that is a false notion is as even young infants might face complications due to this illness.